Little Window to Odisha - Prabhat Nath

Web Space Dedicated to my Odisha and Odia Language.

This is Prabhat Nath from Odisha. Currently I live in Hyderabad (India) and work as a Software Developer.
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Monday, May 07, 2007
Jagannath Dhaam Puri

Jagannath Puri, is the abode of Lord Jagannath or Purushotham, the Lord of the Universe or the Supreme Personality of the Universe. The name Jagannath (Lord of the Universe) is a combination of the Sanskrit words Jagat (Universe) and Nath (Lord of).

Jagannath Puri Dham or Jagannath Puri or even Puri as it is called, is situated at Puri Districts in the State of Orissa (India). It is one of the four Holy Kshetras of India including temples at Rameshwaram, Dwaraka, Badrinath and Puri. The Annual Rathayatra festival is the high point of all the Festivals celebrated and has been attracting lakhs of devotees and pilgrims since time immemorial. To see the Lord on the Chariot on the Rathayatra day is to secure salvation from the cycles of birth and death.

The Temple
The main temple structure is 65m (214 feet) high and is built on elevated ground, making it look more imposing. The vast temple complex comprises an area of 10.7 acres and is enclosed by two rectangular walls. The outer enclosure is called Meghanada Prachira, 200m (665 ft) by 192m (640 ft). The walls are 6m (20 feet) high. The inner wall is called Kurmabedha, 126m (420 ft) by 95m (315 ft). The walls were built during the 15th or 16th century.

There is a wheel on top of the Jagannath Temple made of an alloy of eight metals (asta-dhatu). It is called the Nila Chakra (Blue Wheel), and is 3.5m (11 ft 8 in) high with a circumference of about 11m (36 ft). Every day, a different flag is tied to a mast attached to the Nila Chakra. Every Ekadasi, a lamp is lit on top of the temple near the wheel.

Gates in Temple:
There are four gates in East, South, West and North sides to enter the temple.

1. SINGHA-DWAR (East Gate or Lions Gate)
2. GHOTAK-DWAR (South gate or Horse Gate)
3. BAGHA-DWAR (West Gate or Tiger Gate)
4. HATI DWAR (North Gate or Elephant Gate)

Arun Stambha (Sun Pillar):
It is situated just in front of Lion's gate. It is also believed that out of 22 steps two steps lying below stone of about 34' height on top of this pillar the charioteer of Arun (Sun) is sealing with folded hand towards Lord Jagannath. In 18th century the king Gajapati Dibyasingh dev brought this pillar from Konark.

The Deities
The central forms of Jagannath, Balabhadra and the goddess Subhadra constitute the trinity of deities sitting on the bejewelled platform in the inner sanctum. Lord balabhadra is the elder brother, Lord Jagannath is Younger brother and devi Subhadra is youngest sister.

Lord Jagannath, the symbol of universal love and brotherhood is worshipped in the Temple along with Balabhadra, Subhadra, Sudarshan, Madhaba, Sridevi and Bhudevi on the Ratnabedi or the bejewelled platform.
Main Attraction
A famous festival related to the Jagannath temple is the Ratha Yatra, or chariot festival, which occurs yearly in June or July. During the Rath Yatra Festival, the images of Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are placed in mammoth chariots or 'raths', the largest of which is 14 meters (46 feet) high and has 16 wheels, each more than two meters (seven feet) in diameter, which are then drawn along Grand Road to the Gundecha Temple, a few kilometers away. After they have stayed in that temple for 9 days, the deities again ride the chariots back to their home temple.

Maha-prasada is pure vegetarian spiritual food offered to Lord Jagannath. Just by eating this maha-prasada one makes great spiritual advancement. Everyday, fifty-six varieties of prasada are offered to Lord Jagannath. The preparations are made traditionally and no onion, garlic, chillies or many varieties of vegetables (considered alien) are not used. These Offerings after being made to Lord Jagannath are in turn again offered to Goddess Bimala Devi in the temple precincts and then becomes Mahaprasadam. This Mahaprasadam is considered very efficacious for spiritual liberation. One should respectfully honor the Mahaprasadam sitting on the floor.

A Little History
According to recently discovered copper plates from the Ganga dynasty, the construction of the Jagannath temple was initiated by the ruler of Kalinga, Anantavarman Chodaganga Dev. The Jagamohana and the Vimana portions of the temple were built during his reign (1078 - 1148 CE). However it was only in the year 1174 CE that the Orissan ruler Ananga Bhima Deva rebuild the temple to give a shape in which it stands today.
Jagannath Swami Nayana Patha Gami Bhava Tume...


posted by Name: Prabhat Nath @ 11:00 AM   2 comments

Sambalpur is a city in the western portion of India's Orissa state. It is the headquarters of Sambalpur District. Sambalpur derives its name from the presiding Goddess Samleswari (Samalai).

Sambalpuri - a variation of the Oriya language is the the native language of Sambalpur. In the ancient time this area was known as Kosal. Goddess Samaleswari is the presiding deity of the area.

Sambalpur serves as the gateway to the bewitching western zone of Orissa, abounding in lush green forests, colourful wildlife, exquisite array of hills, waterfalls of streaming pearls, rich tribal life and culture, folk songs and dances and a variety of monuments.

Famous For:
In the time past Sambalpur was famous for diamond trade. Now it is famous for its internationally renowned Hand Loom Textile works (Sambalpuri handloom Sari, Handkerchief, Bed Sheets etc,) popularly known as Sambalpuri Textile. It has earned international fame for its unique pattern, design and texture.

A Little History:
Sambalpur finds mention in the book of Ptolemy (2nd century A.D) as "Sambalaka" on the bank of the river "Manada" (presently known as the river Mahanadi).

It was last governed by the feudal chiefs of the Chawhan dynasty till 1803 and then came under the sway of the British Empire. Sambalpur was occupied by the British on 2nd January, 1804. The name of Veer Surendra Sai ((Most renowned freedom fighter from Western Orissa), who fought an epic struggle against the British Rule, is recorded in golden letters in the history of India's struggle for independence.

Important Places to Visit:
Places like the world famous Hirakud Dam, leaning Temple of Huma and the wildlife Sanctuary at Badrama (Ushakuthi), Khalasuni and Debrigadh (wildlife sanctuary in the Barapahad mountain range - Chourasimal), Budharaja Temple, Gudguda waterfall, Ghanteswari Temple attract tourists.

Near by places like the Narsinghnath and Harishankar, (Bolangir) Padhanpat (Deogarh) Hanuman Batika, Mandira Dam and Khandadhar (Rourkela) attracts tourists to its serene surroundings.

Art and Culture:
The artwork of the Sambalpuri tie and dye weavers, fascinating fabrics with enchanting designs and motifs is cherished for the uniqueness by the connoisseur of handloom the world over. Sambalpuri songs and dance has earned a unique place in the cultural arena of the world.


posted by Name: Prabhat Nath @ 10:30 AM   1 comments
Kalinga Samaj - Hyderabad
In Hyderabad Kalinga Samaj is located in Banjara Hills, Road No. 12.

Kalinga Cultural Trust
Kalinga Cultural Centre
Plot No 1269
Road No 12,
Banjara Hills
Hyderabad - 500034
Phone: 040 - 23303889


posted by Name: Prabhat Nath @ 10:00 AM   2 comments
My Orissa
The State: Orissa is a state situated on the east coast of India. Orissa is bounded on the north by Jharkhand, on the north-east by West Bengal, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, on the south by Andhra Pradesh and on the west by Chhattisgarh.

Orissa is home to the Hirakud Dam, one of the longest dams in the world. Rainfall is heavy and regular, and two crops of rice are grown annually. The state is known for its temples, especially in the cities of Konark, Puri, and Bhubaneswar.

Orissa is a littoral state with a long coastline and a storehouse of mineral wealth. Because of its mineral wealth and strategic location it attracts foreign investment in steel, aluminum, power, refineries, and infrastructure. Orissa is also emerging as a player in the outsourcing IT (Information Technology) and IT services industry.

Orissa has several popular tourist destinations. Puri, with the Jagannatha's temple near the sea, and Konark, with the Sun Temple, are visited by thousands of tourists from the West every year. Along with the Lingaraja Temple of Bhubaneswar, the Jagannatha Temple and the Sun Temple of Konark are important in the archaeological history of India.

Districts of Orissa
There are total 30 districts in Orissa state.

Angul, Balasore, Baragarh, Bhadrak, Bolangir, Boudh, Cuttack, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Gajapati, Ganjam, Jagatshinghpur, Jajpur, Jharsuguda, Kalahandi, Kendrapada, Keonjhar, Khurdha, Koraput, Malkangiri, Mayurbhanj, Nawapara,Nawarangpur, Nayagarh, Phulbani, Puri, Rayagada, Sambalpur, Sonepur, Sundargarh

Other Details
State Tree : Kadamba (Anthocephalus cadamba)
State Flower : Ashoka (Saraca Indica)
State Animal : Sambar (Cervus unicolor)
State Bird : Roller or Blue Jay (Coracias benghalensis)


posted by Name: Prabhat Nath @ 9:51 AM   0 comments
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